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ARCHIVED - CBSA Export Programs
Evaluation Study

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  1. The only means of measuring export volume at this time is either by value or by number of lines, as counted by Statistics Canada. The number of lines refers to the number of commodity descriptions entered on the export declaration. The number of lines does not reflect the quantity or volume of the actual goods exported — only the number of times they were reported. [Return to text]
  2. Data provided by Statistics Canada. [Return to text]
  3. Imports, exports and trade balance of goods on a balance-of-payment basis, by country or country grouping (Statistics Canada). [Return to text]
  4. Source: TradeStats Express. [Return to text]
  5. The exports were worth $10 billion and $14 billion respectively (Statistics Canada, merchandise trade data for March 2008. [Return to text]
  6. Statistics Canada, exports of goods on a balance-of-payment basis, by product (2003-2007). [Return to text]
  7. The “Other” mode of transportation includes pipeline, mail and electric transmission line. [Return to text]
  8. This figure was obtained by searching all federal statutes in the Department of Justice search engine, excluding Export Development Canada. See Appendix 1 for a list of key acts pertaining to exports. [Return to text]
  9. For example, goods for consumption in the United States. [Return to text]
  10. “Goods” also includes conveyances and animals, and, for the purpose of strategic exports, technology. [Return to text]
  11. Section 101, Part VI of the Customs Act (1985, c. 1 2nd Supp.) states: “Goods that have been imported or are about to be exported may be detained by an officer until he is satisfied that the goods have been dealt with in accordance with this Act, and any other Act of Parliament that prohibits, controls or regulates the importation or exportation of goods, and any regulations made thereunder.” More general support is found in section 99 of the Act and more specific support is found under Part V “Exportation,” section 95. [Return to text]
  12. Resources funded under the ITAR also fund other small regional units. [Return to text]
  13. Following its promise to uphold the ITAR, Canada created a program for licensing Canadian exporters and implementing stricter export enforcement controls — particularly for in-transit goods. The new regime included amendments to the EIPA and the Defence Production Act, changes to both of which came into effect in April 2001. Canada's exemption under the ITAR was suspended in fall 1999 and then reinstated in spring 2000 after extensive negotiations led to the establishment of Public Works and Government Services Canada's Controlled Goods Directorate and additional resources being provided to the SEC Section at the CBSA. This gave the United States the confidence it needed in Canadian security for ITAR-related goods.  [Return to text]
  14. An A5 report is a train report or electronic manifest (combined cargo/conveyance report). [Return to text]
  15. Export declarations contain such details as exporter name and address; consignee name and address; country of final destination; name of carrier, freight forwarder or consolidator; mode of transport; vessel name; date and place of exit; item description and Harmonized System code; quantity; weight; unit of measure; value at place of exit; and freight charges. Information related to the exportation of goods and services from Canada is made available to Statistics Canada for analysis and for compilation of trade activity. [Return to text]
  16. For a more comprehensive sampling of related OGDs and governing legislation affecting the specifics of particular procedures for processing exports, see Appendix 1. [Return to text]
  17. Exporters are advised to keep all documentation for future audit purposes. See A Handy Guide for Exporters, [Return to text]
  18. Memorandum D20-1-1, Export Reporting. [Return to text]
  19. In practice, one declaration may include multiple lines of different commodity types being exported. This table shows the number of lines on all declarations. [Return to text]
  20. With regard to the change in measurement of the number of B13A forms between 2006-2007 and 2007-2008, it should be noted that this period marks a change from a manual summarizing of export reports to data capture by Statistics Canada, making direct comparison between these two periods not comparable. [Return to text]
  21. The CBSA does not generally issue export permits; it verifies on behalf of OGDs that permits and required documents are submitted. However, the CBSA currently issues permits (415 permits in 2006-2007 and 350 permits in 2007-2008) for the export of cultural property in accordance with the Cultural Property Export and Import Act, which is otherwise administered by Canadian Heritage. [Return to text]
  22. Depending on the good to be exported, OGDs and boards, such as Environment Canada, Health Canada, Canadian Heritage and the Canadian Wheat Board, may also require permits. [Return to text]
  23. A GEP is granted to streamline the export permit process and to reduce the administrative burden of applying for individual export permits.  In contrast with an individual export permit, the GEP applies to all residents of Canada. Unlike individual permits that require a paper version to be attached to the export declaration at all times, individuals exporting under a GEP need only ensure that they meet the requirements of the general permit and then reference the GEP number in the export declaration form. [Return to text]
  24. EIPA: [Return to text]
  25. In addition, 5,046 export permits for logs (controlled under ECL item 5101) were issued in 2007. [Return to text]
  26. Current ECL: There are presently two countries on the Area Control List: Myanmar (also known as Burma) and Belarus.  [Return to text]
  27. About EXCOL: EXCOL also offers the functionality to submit online, quarterly utilisation reports for military goods, as well as the ability to print selected permits. [Return to text]
  28. Section 12.(1): “Subject to any direction given by the Minister, the Agency may exercise the powers, and shall perform the duties and functions, that relate to the program legislation and that are conferred on, or delegated, assigned or transferred to, the Minister under any Act or regulation. (2) An officer or employee of the Agency may exercise any power or perform any duty or function referred to in subsection (1) if the officer or employee is appointed to serve in the Agency in a capacity appropriate to the exercise of the power or the performance of the duty or function, and, in so doing, shall comply with any general or special direction given by the Minister.”  [Return to text]
  29. As per the CBSA's Program Activity Architecture, yet to be approved by the Treasury Board. [Return to text]
  30. Source: [Return to text]
  31. Prime Minister's speech at Canada India Foundation's first annual gala. [Return to text]
  32. Resolution 1673, adopted by the Security Council on April 17, 2006, article 5: “Decides that the 1540 Committee shall intensify its efforts to promote the full implementation by all States of resolution 1540 (2004) through a work programme which shall include the compilation of information on the status of States' implementation of all aspects of resolution 1540 (2004), outreach, dialogue, assistance and cooperation, and which shall address in particular all aspects of paragraphs 1 and 2 of that resolution, as well as of paragraph 3 which encompasses (a) accountability, (b) physical protection, (c) border controls and law enforcement efforts and (d) national export and trans-shipment controls including controls on providing funds and services such as financing to such export and trans-shipment….” [Return to text]
  33. DFAIT submits the reports on Canada's behalf. [Return to text]
  34. Background information on APEC's 15th annual summit in Sydney, Australia, September 2007, [Return to text]
  35. [Return to text]
  36. The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies was reached at the plenary meeting of representatives of 33 states in Vienna, Austria, on July 11 and 12, 1996. [Return to text]
  37. The Australia Group was established for the purpose of limiting the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. [Return to text]
  38. See Appendix 2 of A Handy Guide for Exporters. Offices are required to send B13A forms to Statistics Canada on a weekly basis; however, the CBSA is not always sending the reports on time, which affects the accuracy of Statistics Canada's trade data. [Return to text]
  39. The only means of measuring export volume at this time is either by value or by number of lines, as counted by Statistics Canada. The number of lines refers to the number of commodity descriptions entered on the export declaration. The number of lines does not reflect the quantity or volume of the actual goods exported — only the number of times they were reported. [Return to text]
  40. Data was provided by Statistics Canada. The HS is an international nomenclature used by the WCO for classifying commodities for import and export. Calculations were based on the following: A = the total of all lines reported from 2005-2006 to 2007-2008 (7,229,073); B = the total of all chapter 84 and 85 lines reported during this same period (2,814,376); C = B / A = 38.9%; D = the total number of chapter 84 and 85 lines reported by B13A forms during this period (651,506); E = D / B = 23.1%; F = the total of all lines reported by B13A forms from 2005-2006 to 2007-2008 (900,920); G = D / F = 72.3%. [Return to text]
  41. Statistics Canada officials stated that attempts to come to a new similar agreement for summarized monthly statements of B13A reports from the exporter have not been successful. [Return to text]
  42. This figure was obtained by dividing the combined number of G7-EDI and CAED lines by the total number of lines declared (i.e. including Summary Reporting and B13A forms) during that fiscal year as entered by Statistics Canada. [Return to text]
  43. Examples of exceptions would include in-transit goods, cattle and nuclear waste. Reports are defined as per Memorandum D20-1-1. [Return to text]
  44. The U.S. Census Bureau will host and manage the Web site and process the applications. [Return to text]
  45. In the United States, there is a $50 fee for the mandatory training prior to a certification quiz that users must complete before gaining access to the electronic system. The system allows online Web filing, has an EDI upload service, has a PC filing software download and a virtual private network connection through AESDirect ( [Return to text]
  46. See the press release “Commission reinforces the security of the EU supply chain while facilitating international trade”.   [Return to text]
  47. In some cases, officers may both issue a monetary penalty and seize specified goods as per Part V of the Customs Enforcement Manual. [Return to text]
  48. There are seven categories of strategic goods: dual-use, munitions, nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear-related dual-use, miscellaneous goods, missile technology control regime, and chemical and biological weapons non-proliferation. [Return to text]
  49. An earlier verification stint in Calgary served as a pilot. [Return to text]
  50. The selection of shipments was based on a convenience sample, and it was a first effort in determining the compliance rate in the air mode. [Return to text]
  51. Note that the number of officers dedicated to export control increased in 2007-2008, which explains in part the big difference in seizures over the last three fiscal years. [Return to text]
  52. Some categories are unavailable because the reporting structure in the Integrated Customs Enforcement System changed in 2007-2008. [Return to text]
  53. An ascertained forfeiture is a monetary penalty levied in lieu of a seizure. [Return to text]
  54. See Appendix B for a list and description of AMPS penalties. [Return to text]
  55. The only means of measuring export volume at this time is either by value or by number of lines, as counted by Statistics Canada. The number of lines refers to the number of commodity descriptions entered on the export declaration. The number of lines does not reflect the quantity or volume of the actual goods exported — only the number of times they were reported. [Return to text]
  56. Data provided by Statistics Canada. [Return to text]
  57. If a good requires only a "report," the relevant licence/certificate may be sufficient; if the good requires a "report in writing" (i.e. for controlled or in-transit goods), the permit must be accompanied by an export declaration. [Return to text]