Food, Plant and Animal Inspections

Did you know that a piece of fruit or meat you bring back to Canada with you could be harmful to our ecosystems? Certain food, plants, animals and related products are restricted or prohibited because they can harbour foreign animal and plant pests and diseases.  These pests and diseases could threaten Canada's economy, pose a risk to human, plant or animal health, or cause irreparable harm to Canada's crops, livestock, or environment.

What do I need to know when making my declaration?

Canadian law requires that you declare all food, plants and animals and related products that you are bringing into Canada.  If you do not declare your products, the CBSA could confiscate them and you could face monetary penalties, and/or prosecution. Please ensure that you declare all food items and any animals, animal products, plants or plant products that you are bringing into Canada to a border services officer.  The border services officer will determine if the products are safe to enter Canada.  When you are planning your trip abroad, check beforehand to see if the goods you want to bring back are restricted or prohibited from entering Canada.

General guidelines on what food, plants, animals and related products that you can or cannot bring into Canada can be found the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's Web site.

In addition, some goods may be prohibited or restricted because they are subject to controls under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.   

Goods not eligible to enter Canada may be confiscated and disposed of or ordered removed from Canada. Other items may require treatment before they can enter Canada.

Travellers may be held responsible for any costs related to the disposal, quarantine, treatment or removal of these items from Canada.


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